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Briefly about Slovakia

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Slovakia (Slovensko), the official name – Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika) – state in Central Europe. It occupies 112 place in the world in terms of population and 127 in the territory.

The capital is Bratislava.

The official language is Slovak.

Territory – 49,034 km².

The population is 5 428 411 people.

Unitary state, parliamentary republic.

As of June 2014, Andrei Kyska holds the presidency, and Prime Minister Robert Fico.

It is divided into 8 edges:

  1. Bratislava Region

  2. Trnava Region

  3. Trenčín Region

  4. Nitra region

  5. Žilinský region

  6. BanskoBystrica Region

  7. Presov Region

  8. Košice Region

The edges are divided into several regions. In total there are 79 regions in Slovakia.

It is located in the center of Europe. A continental state that does not have access to the sea. It has a land border with the Czech Republic, Austria, Poland, Hungary and Ukraine.

Slovakia is surrounded from the north and northeast by the mountain ranges of the Western Carpathians. They reach the highest altitude in the High Tatras, where the highest point of the country is located – Gerlachowski-Stit peak (2655 m), Krivan peaks, Dumbieres, whose height exceeds 1850 m. To the south of the Carpathians, the highlands are divided, separated by fertile valleys, along which numerous rivers flow into the Danube. The largest of them – Vag, Nitra and Gron. Although almost 80% of the territory of Slovakia is located at an altitude of 750 meters above sea level, there is also a fertile Middle Danubian lowland, located closer to the Danube in the Bratislava and Komarno area, and is the breadbasket of the country.

 


Climate


The climate of Slovakia has a pronounced continental character. Winter is cold and dry; summer is warm and humid. The greatest amount of precipitation falls in the mountains. Annual precipitation amounts exceed 1000 mm in the mountains, and in the plains they are less than 500 mm per year. In Bratislava, the average January temperature is -1 ° C, July is +21 ° C. In the mountains, the winter is colder, and the summer is cooler.

 


Flora and fauna


Forests occupy almost 40% of the country’s territory. The southern slopes of the mountains are covered with deciduous trees (beech and oak) or mixed forests, while on the northern slopes there are coniferous forests, consisting mainly of spruce and fir. The country is dominated by deciduous breeds (53%),

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